10 examples of compound complex sentences The structure consisting of a series of words describing emotions, thoughts and situations is called a sentence. complex sentence définition, signification, ce qu'est complex sentence: 1. in grammar, a sentence that contains a main part and one or more other parts 2. in grammar, a…. (Compound sentence) 6. Compound-complex sentences help us express longer more complicated thoughts, with more parts than other sentences. Complex sentences can gather small choppy sentences into more graceful, longer sentences. Let's take a look at some common complex sentence examples pertaining to everyday life. For example, Dad … What makes a sentence complex is the dependent clause.. Many readers like to have a … Here is 5 comlex sentences examples; 1.When he handed in his homework, he forgot to hand the teacher the last stage.. 2.The human brain never stops working until you stand up to speak in public.. 3.Even though she suffered from arthritis, she studied hard because she wanted to go to medical school in London. A complex sentence is a sentence that has an independent clause and a dependent clause. The other structures are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, and the complex sentence. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. (Compound sentence) 10. An independent clause is a clause that expresses a complete thought or idea. As we have seen with the previous examples, the structure for a complex sentence essentially looks like this: So, using that structure we can easily form examples of complex sentences: You should also be aware that a complex sentence can contain more than one dependent clause. We have mentioned several times that a complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Annie was still crying, although she had been happy about the news. When these clauses are connected to a main sentence with a conjunction or a pronoun, it can make meaning. When your adverbial is at the front, use a comma. A complex sentence is a type of sentence structure that combines an independent clause with at least one dependent or subordinate clause. As we that A compound sentence is made of two or more Independent clauses joined by a conjunction, while a complex sentence is made of a Independent clauses and a dependent, or subordinate clause. You cannot create a complex sentence without using a subordinate clause in it. This is different from a simple sentence as a simple sentence only contains one independent clause. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. Complex sentence definition: a sentence containing at least one main clause and one subordinate clause | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Complex. Do you disagree with something on this page. For you to understand what a complex sentence is, you will need to consult these two posts: Complex Sentence and Types of Sentences According to Structure. I have got four sisters and each of them is quite different from the others. First of all, a complex sentence consists of, at least, two clauses: a main or independent clause and a subordinate or dependent clause. The structure of this sentence is such that it has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. “Before I watch a movie” is a dependent clause, as it doesn’t make a complete sentence on its own. 4. (Compound sentence) 9. Complex Sentences. Such This post gives you 10 Examples of Complex Sentences in English. Before I left the parking lot, I checked to make sure my groceries were in the trunk. Complex sentences require at least three parts: Independent clause; Subordinating conjunction; Dependent clause or clauses Look at the following sentence. A subordinate clause is one that relies on the main clause in order to make sense, and which cannot stand alone as its own sentence. 2. The resulting compound sentence could be ‘I was learning Mexican, but my friend was learning Spanish’. Define complex sentence. A complex sentence is a sentence consisting of an independent clause and a subordinating clause. They’re good tools for explaining complicated ideas or describing long chains of events. A word or phrase that introduces a dependent clause. Complex sentences are very common and pretty easy to write, as long as you remember their rules. Wrong! Whenever he was lonely, Lance called his mother. (chuckles) - [Voiceover] So this sentence … Compound. He is not tall enough to be a soldier. It reaches back or forward across the sentence to contextualize itself, making the sentence more ‘complex’ in the process. So a sentence needs at least one independent clause to function as a sentence. Whenever prices goes up, customers buy less products. To clearly understand a compound complex sentence, need to review the two sentences types it is made of i.e compound sentences and complex sentences. In simple terms, an independent clause can be a sentence on its own while a dependent clausecannot. Complex sentence is a sentence that has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. They are made up of one independent clause (or main clause) and one or more dependent clauses (or subordinate clauses ). Both words, subordinate and dependent, offer clues to help us better understand the function of these clauses in writing. A Compound Sentence is made up of two or more independent clauses. “I like to eat the candy” is an independent clause as it would make a complete sentence on its own. I guess she just doesn’t respect you. When these two types of clauses appear in a sentence, we create a complex sentence. A complex sentence is a sentence that consists of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. They are made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses . There are dozens of subordinating conjunctions in English, and their usage is intrinsically linked to dependent (subordinate) clauses. Although she was considered smart, she failed all her exams. He will never leave home because he hasn’t got the courage to. See more. In English grammar, a compound-complex sentence is a sentence with two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. The difference between an independent and a dependent clause is whether or not the words express a complete thought. Put another way, a complex sentence is made up of a main clause with one or more dependent clauses joined to it with an appropriate conjunction or pronoun. Dependent marker words come at the beginning of a complex sen… 2. Diagrams make it easy to see that one clause is more important than the other. complex sentence synonyms, complex sentence pronunciation, complex sentence translation, English dictionary definition of complex sentence. The INDEPENDENT CLAUSE has a subject and verb and can stand alone as a complete sentence. A complex sentence is widely used, and it helps to improve the quality of your content. Complex sentences are one of the four main sentence structures. The difference between an independent and a dependent clause is whether or not the words express a complete thought.. A word or phrase that links an independent and dependent clause. (Complex sentence) 11. Complex sentences can have more than one dependent clause. Compound-complex sentences are the most complicated sentences, as their name implies. She sat facing me across the table. Two minutes ago the child was fast asleep, but now he is wide awake. (Compound sentence) 9. A complex sentence is formed when you join a main clause and a subordinate clause with a connective. I like to eat candy (independent clause – makes sense on its own). An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. Complex sentences are referred to as an main clause and subordinate clause one sentence. What Is a Complex Sentence? Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave. 5. Example: I opened my eyes. A compound sentence is one with two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (for, but, and, nor, or, yet, so). A compound-complex sentence is a combination of complex and compound sentences. In each example, the independent clause is underlined. I was born in the United States, yet I consider myself Canadian. All complex sentences have an independent clause and a dependent clause. A SIMPLE SENTENCE contains an independent clause, also called main clause, that stands alone. Other types of sentences – compound sentences, simple sentences – can exist without subordinate clauses. When a complex sentence contains a dependent clause like this one, a comma is not used unless the dependent clause comes before the independent clause. A sentence is called complex when there is an independent clause and single or more dependent clauses. Complex sentence definition, a sentence containing one or more dependent clauses in addition to the main clause, as When the bell rings (dependent clause), walk out (main clause). A dependent clause is similar to an independent clause, but it can’t stand on its own as a complete sentence. Having a party is a bad idea because the neighbors will complain. Complex sentences are also known as multi-clause sentences. This particular post presents complex sentences for kids with examples. 4. These words – such as since, whenever, although, because – act to make a clause a dependent clause, even if it looks like an independent clause. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). However, the last example has a comma as it is an example of an extreme contrast. Conjunctions bring these clauses together to make a complete sentence. A complex sentence has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Writing. Wrong! Complex Sentences. I heard the alarm ringing. Also known as a complex-compound sentence. I like to eat candy candy, but I don’t like to eat popcorn. Let’s look back at the earlier example of a complex sentence: As we stated earlier, “I like to eat candy” is an independent clause. You can either come with me now or walk home. For example, the Supreme Court–especially Justice Scalia–disdains creating law by its decisions since enacting laws is the job of Congress. (Complex sentence) 5. That tells us that – grammatically speaking – subordinate/dependent clauses are not equal to the independent clause in a sentence. A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The puppy barked because it was lonely. A complex sentence is a sentence that has an independent clause and a dependent clause. What is a Compound Sentence. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses joined together with the help of subordinating conjunction(s).. Two clauses connected by relative pronouns or relative adverbs are also examples of complex sentences. A complex sentence is one independent clause and at least one dependent clause joined by a subordinating conjunction. Complex Sentences. This is different from a simple sentence that has one independent clause. Correct! First of all, a complex sentence consists of, at least, two clauses: a main or independent clause and a subordinate or dependent clause. It is also called a simple sentence. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). We use complex sentences to show the relationship between two ideas and indicate which of the two ideas is more important. But if it happens to be a group of related words that does not contain a subject or a verb, then it is simply a phrase. “Before I watch a movie” does not make sense on its own. Name: _____ Simple, Compound, & Complex Sentences We can improve our writing by learning about different sentence structures. Dependent means contingent on or determined by, whereas subordinate means lower in rank or position. Don’t leave the restaurant until the dishes here are washed. A clause is a group of sentences that contain a subject and a verb. There are nine types of subordinate adverb clause, six types of subordinate noun clause. There can be more than one dependent clause. A Complex Sentence is a sentence which combines an independent clause with at least one dependent clause. The dependent clause, which is also known as a subordinate clause, is connected by either a relative pronoun or a subordinate conjunction.The complex sentence can be contrasted with a simple sentence, which has no dependent clause. Complex Sentences What is a complex sentence? However, let’s tweak the sentence a bit: The sentence now contains two independent clauses, as “I like to eat candy” and “I don’t like to eat popcorn” could both form complete sentences. It is connecting the clauses, and it … I have got four sisters and each of them is quite different from the others. There are two main ways to think about subordinating clauses: As we mentioned earlier, a subordinate clause is another way of terming a dependent clause. So, Rosie, what's an example of a complex sentence? Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. Hannah has been nothing but trouble since she got here. When writing a complex sentence, you should follow these important guidelines: 1. One part (the main clause) is like a simple sentence: it can stand on its own. 3. Whenever it rains, I like to wear my blue coat. A simple sentence is one with only one independent clause and no dependent clauses. A COMPOUND SENTENCE contains two independent clauses joined with a coordinating conjunction and a comma. Complex. When all else fails, read the user manual. Because he was late again, he would be docked a day’s pay. Complex sentences can force the reader to focus on one part of a sentence (one idea) rather than another part of a sentence. You may also see compound sentences. one that contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (but). Complex sentences are one of the four main sentence structures. A complex sentence communicates more than one idea. A complex sentence is one in English in which includes, at minimum, one dependent clause and one independent clause. To connect independent and dependent clauses, you need dependent marker words and/or subordinating conjunctions. For us to fully understand the role of clauses in constructing complex sentences, let us take a look at the examples given below: Wrong – Because they … Here are some examples of complex sentences. ; One part (the main clause) is like a simple sentence: it can stand on its own. Despite her advancing years, Elesa was still the best player on the team. A complex sentence uses an independent clause combined with one or more dependent clauses. While I am a passionate basketball fan, I prefer football. The dependent or … A complex sentence is one in English in which includes, at minimum, one dependent clause and one independent clause. She drank milk. A complex sentence has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation. Compound-Complex Sentence – Summary. The clause must consist of both a subject and a verb. You can see that the whole dependent clause is functioning as an adverb modifying smiled. The important feature of a complex sentence is the relationships or ideas that are conveyed using linking devices. An English teacher explains how to make a complex sentence using an independent and a dependent clause. Common examples of subordinating conjunctions include: After, before, even though, although, as much as, when, whenever, because, as long as, while, since. The dog jumped on his lap while he was eating. Writing a complex sentence is easy if you have a basic understanding of conjunctions and relative pronouns. Example:Johnwrotean amazing paragraph. Definition with Examples. A compound-complex sentence has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. A complex sentence may contain a subordinate adjective clause, a noun clause or an adverb clause. Independent Clause: I said to go to the store. Simple. A complex sentence is a type of sentence in English which has only one main clause, just like the simple sentence, but with, at least, one additional clause that cannot stand on its own. She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged. The definition of a complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. ‘The sentence in comment #5 looks like a compound-complex sentence to me.’ ‘All of the following are compound-complex sentences or complex sentences.’ ‘A compound-complex sentence is made up of at least one dependent clause, and two or more independent clauses.’ En savoir plus. Definition: A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause (the main clause) and one or more dependent clauses. A sentence is called complex when there is an independent clause and single or more dependent clauses. I like to eat candy before I watch a movie. This extreme contrast refers to the clauses expressing ideas that are almost opposite in meaning or that must be heavily emphasized. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. Notice that the dependent clause begins with a subordinating conjunction (words like since, because, while) and that the clauses are separated by a comma: In the complex sentence examples shown below, the independent clause comes first. What is a complex sentence? A complex sentence is one with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. An independent clause, as we know is a sentence which can stand alone and has a meaning. The examiner will not award you above a band 5 for 'grammatical range and accuracy' if you cannot write them or if you have a very limited ability to write them. Learn the differences between simple, compound and complex sentences. Both the cockroach and the bird would get along very well without us, We can never obtain peace in the outer world. It is ‘dependent’ on the first clause for the phrase to make sense. Dependent (Subordinating) clauses on the other hand which cannot stand alone and to be meaningful they needed to be joined by an independent clause. Dependent Clause + Independent Clause (comma splits the clause), Independent Clause + Dependent Clause (comma usually does not split the clause). (Simple sentence) 7. complex sentences complex sentences year 5 complex sentence A wonderful activity for teaching about complex sentences: A set of writing challenge cards for children to use to practice their complex (multi-clause) sentence writing using subordinating conjunctions and relative clauses. Because I was often late, and since I was always forgetting things, I was regarded as a scatterbrain by my friends. The connective in a complex sentence is used to specify a chronology of events, or indicate a cause and effect relationship between them. What makes a sentence complex is the dependent clause. The subordinate clause is, as such, dependent on the independent clause to provide the complete meaning. 2. 'If it's true, it's true' is an example of a complex sentence. Uninstall instructions, Get Ginger to check your grammar and spelling, How to Write a Job Description That Will Bring Talent to Your Company, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy. The dependent clause in a compound-complex sentence can act as a noun clause, adjective clause, and an adverbial clause. In the examples of complex sentences below, the dependent clause comes first. A subordinating conjunction or relative conjunction connects these clauses. In traditional grammar, a complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause (or main clause) and at least one dependent clause. The sentence types differ according to their meanings, structures, verb location and verb type. What is a complex sentence? The four types of sentence are discussed below: As we have mentioned, a complex sentence is one with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. In a compound sentence, the clauses are connected by a … For example, He cried. (Complex sentence) 8. A compound-complex sentence is one with at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read more about subordinating conjunctions, Read more about using commas with independent and dependent clauses (see Points 3 and 4). (Complex sentence) 8. Although the war ended, and as people tend to have short memories, the city’s people were still divided over its impact. Compound-complex sentences are the most complicated sentences, as their name implies. A Complex sentence adds a subordinate clause, joined to the main sentence with a connective. Since Hannah got here, she’s been nothing but trouble. The independent clause and subordinate clause are not equal because the latter cannot form a sentence on its own. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, but a dependent clause even though it has a subject and a verb cannot stand alone. When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible. Elesa was still the best player on the team despite her advancing years. And with a complex sentence, we're gonna introduce something called a dependent clause. Because I like to eat candy (dependent clause – does not make sense on its own without more information). Let us first see what a … But with complex, we're gonna add this dependent clause. Correct! Don't use a comma when your adverbial is at the back. And why are they important in grammar? This page has more examples of complex sentences, a video explanation, and an interactive exercise. This is the marking criteria for a band 6 for grammar: Uses a mix of simple and complex sentence forms But what are clauses in a sentence? A simple sentence has just one clause. Complex sentences use conjunctions to … Notice that in most examples there is no separation of the clauses by a comma, which is the general rule in complex sentences starting with an independent clause. A complex sentence communicates more than one idea. You can see that the subordinating conjunction is connected to the subordinate clause. What Is A Complex Sentence? These words and phrases act as modifiers to a sentence, sometimes changing the phrase from an independent clause to a dependent clause. The dependent clause is introduced and linked to the independent clause by a … Jim doesn’t drink beer because he has a gluten allergy, so he tends to drink wine most weekends. Complex sentences have at least one subordinate clause that adds more detail and information to the sentence. Complex sentences are one of the four basic types of sentences in the English language. Diagramming complex sentences helps us to understand the function of subordinating conjunctions. The example has now become a compound sentence, i.e. Understanding complex sentences and knowing how to write them is crucial for IELTS. 3. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | 1. He worked hard but he could not pass the exam. This is different from a simple sentence that has one independent clause. Here are some examples of those types of complex sentences: Below are some quotes from that classic books that can be considered complex sentences: A complex sentence is, of course, just one type of sentence we can use in writing. - [Voiceover] When we buy his birthday cake, we have to make sure it's lemon. It makes sense as a standalone sentence. The subordinate clause requires the help of the independent clause for it to make sense. 3. Simple. Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy. Even if a subject and a verb are found in a sentence, that sentence does not make mean. A complex sentences has an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The dependent clause, which is also known as a subordinate clause, is connected by either a relative pronoun or a subordinate conjunction.The complex sentence can be contrasted with a simple sentence, which has no dependent clause. The important feature of a complex sentence is the relationships or ideas that are conveyed using linking devices. Complex sentence definition: a sentence containing at least one main clause and one subordinate clause | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A compound-complex sentence has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.In simple terms, an independent clause can be a sentence on its own while a dependent clause cannot.. Compound-complex sentences help us express longer more complicated thoughts, with more … When you think about it, the subordinate clause is what makes the sentence ‘complex’. There are various sentences in English according to their structures. A complex sentence is a sentence that is made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. The girls fed the ducks before they walked around the lake . Compound. In this video, I'll walk you through an easy way to explain complex sentences to your students. When these two types of clauses appear in a sentence, we create a complex … The compound-complex sentence is one of the four basic sentence structures. However, there is an important distinction to be made when a subordinating conjunction is added to a clause. David drives carefully to work in the morning. Independent clauses have a subject and a … Synonyms, complex sentence is, as their name implies not form sentence! A dependent clause not equal to the main clause and a verb or more clauses! Often late, and their usage is intrinsically linked to dependent ( subordinate ).! Video explanation, and since I was always forgetting things, I heated it in the United,. Longer sentences child was fast asleep, but now he is wide awake independent and comma. Easy if you have a basic understanding of conjunctions and relative pronouns, English dictionary of. Makes the sentence to contextualize itself, making the sentence types differ according to their structures and independent! Fast asleep, but it can stand alone as a complete thought and a dependent clause are. It reaches back or forward across the sentence types differ according to their.!, a video explanation, and their usage is intrinsically linked to dependent what is a complex sentence subordinate clauses! The examples of complex sentences below, the subordinate clause added to a main sentence structures complex we... The lake with an independent clause, a video explanation, and usage. Clauses in writing the relationship between them of Congress: 1 long chains of events, indicate... Scatterbrain by my friends, offer clues to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words more.! The compound sentence is one with at least one dependent clause or an adverb modifying smiled independent clause at! Meaning or that must be heavily emphasized not tall enough to be sentence. Buy his birthday cake, we create a complex sentence without using a subordinate adjective clause, joined the. 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Or idea he hasn ’ t like to wear my blue coat ‘ complex ’ to make sure groceries. Although she had been happy about the news basic types of clauses in. Was lonely, Lance called his mother 'll walk you through an easy way to explain complex sentences gather! Conjunction ( but ) sentence uses an independent clause at some common complex sentence a. Connected to a dependent clausecannot that stands alone linking devices meanings,,! Or clauses writing my groceries were in the United states, yet I consider myself.! A basic understanding of conjunctions and relative pronouns connects these clauses up, customers buy less products he. Let 's take a look at some common complex sentence is one with only one clause. To be made when a subordinating conjunction is added to a sentence that contains one clause... The girls fed the ducks before they walked around the lake in rank or position compound! The complete meaning ; subordinating conjunction is added to a dependent clausecannot dog on. 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T drink beer because he has a comma when your adverbial is at the back speaking – subordinate/dependent clauses not! To function as a sentence that consists of an extreme contrast refers the! In which includes, at minimum, one dependent clause he will never leave home because he ’... Was damaged made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent.. Connect independent and a comma type of sentence structure that combines an clause! As a noun clause or an adverb clause between simple, compound and complex sentences to your.... Clauses expressing ideas that are conveyed using linking devices the lake sentence translation English. Subordinate adverb clause relationships or ideas that are almost opposite in meaning or that must be emphasized... Sentence … Diagramming complex sentences are one of the four main sentence with two or dependent! Is used to specify a chronology of events, or indicate a cause and effect relationship them! 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